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How is Acne (Acne) Treated?

There are tiny holes in your skin called pores that can become blocked by oil, bacteria, dead skin cells and dirt. If these pores become clogged, you may develop acne or "acne". If your skin is affected by this situation many times, you may have acne.


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According to the American Academy of Dermatology, although acne is not a life-threatening condition, it is the most common skin disease in the world and this disease can cause painful complications. In addition, it can cause emotional distress, especially in young individuals, as well as seriously harm the individual's social life.

Acne on your face can affect your self-esteem and cause permanent physical scars over time.

However, there are many effective treatment methods that reduce and eliminate both acne formation and the possibility of scarring.

What Are The Symptoms Of Acne?

Acne can be found almost anywhere in your body. However, it mostly develops on your face, back, neck, chest, and shoulders.

If you have acne, you can usually notice white or black pimples. These structures, which are both blackheads and whiteheads, are known as comedones.

Black spots appear on the surface of your skin and become black as they come into contact with the oxygen in the air. White-looking pimples are located just under your skin and they look white due to the inflammation they contain.

While white and blackheads are the most common lesions in acne, many other types of acne can appear on your skin. For these, inflammatory lesions are much more likely to leave scars on your skin. These:

  • Papules are small, red, raised bumps caused by inflamed or infected hair follicles.
  • Pustules are small red pimples with pus at the ends.
  • Nodules are hard, often painful bumps under your skin's surface.
  • Cysts are large lumps under your skin that contain pus and are often painful.

What causes acne?

Acne occurs when the pores in your skin are clogged by oil, dead skin, or bacteria. Each pore of your skin contains a follicle.

The follicle consists of a hair grain and an oil (oil) gland. The sebaceous gland secretes sebum (oil) that goes to the hair, outside the pores and to your skin. Sebum keeps your skin oily and soft.

At this point, one or more problems in the oil secretion process may cause acne. These problems can occur in the following situations:

  • Too much oil is produced by your follicles
  • Dead skin cells can accumulate in your pores
  • Bacteria can accumulate in your pores

These problems contribute greatly to the development of acne. Acne occurs when bacteria grow in all these things and those clogged pores and no oil is released from the body.

What Are The Risk Factors For Acne Development?

There are many hearsay reasons as to what contributes to acne formation. Many people believe that foods like chocolate or french fries will contribute to acne. Although there is no scientific support for these claims, there are certain risk factors for the development of acne. These:

  • Hormonal changes caused by puberty or pregnancy
  • Certain medications, such as birth control pills or corticosteroids
  • A diet rich in refined sugar or carbohydrates, such as bread and chips
  • Having parents with acne buildup

Individuals are particularly at risk of developing intense acne during adolescence. During this time, your body undergoes hormonal changes.

These changes can trigger oil production and increase the risk of acne. As puberty ends at some point and hormones are regular, hormonal acne formation usually subsides or at least enters the healing process.

How Is Acne Diagnosed?

If you have acne symptoms, we recommend that you visit a competent dermatologist first. Your specialist doctor can examine your skin and make a suitable diagnosis for you. To determine the best treatment, your doctor will determine the types of lesions and their severity.

How Is Acne Treated?

Home care

There are several self-care activities you can try at home to prevent acne and clear up your acne. Things to do at home to prevent acne from developing include:

  • Clean your skin daily with a mild soap to remove excess oil and dirt.
  • Wash your hair regularly and use hair care products that will not close your pores.
  • Use water-based or labeled "non-comedogenic" makeup (doesn't clog pores)
  • Do not squeeze pimples that spread bacteria and excess oil
  • Do not wear a hat or tight headband
  • Try not to touch your face


If the measures you have tried at home are not enough to stop acne development, there are acne medications you can use. Many of these medications contain ingredients that can help kill bacteria or reduce oil on your skin. These:

  • Benzoyl peroxide is found in many acne creams and gels. It is used to dry existing pimples and prevent new ones. Benzoyl peroxide also kills bacteria that cause acne.
  • Sulfur is a natural substance with a distinctive fragrance found in some lotions, cleansers and masks.
  • Resorcinol is a less common substance used to remove dead skin cells.
  • Salicylic acid is often used in soaps and acne suppressants. It helps prevent clogging of pores.

You may still have symptoms despite taking medication. In this case, you may want to seek medical advice. Your doctor can prescribe doctor-approved medications for you that can help reduce your symptoms and prevent scarring. These:

Oral or topical antibiotics reduce inflammation and kill the bacteria that cause acne. Typically, antibiotics are only used for a short time so that your body does not create a resistance to antibiotics, which protects you from infections.

Prescription topical creams such as retinoic acid or prescription-strength benzoyl peroxide are often stronger than over-the-counter treatments.

Benzoyl peroxide acts as a bactericidal agent. It prevents the resistance of acne-causing bacteria to antibiotics. It also has moderate comedones-destructive and anti-inflammatory properties.

Women with hormonal acne can be treated with birth control pills or spironolactone. These drugs regulate hormones that can cause acne with a decrease in oil production.

Isotretinoin (Accutane) is a vitamin A-based medication used to treat some severe nodule formation and acne cases. It can cause serious side effects and is only used when other treatments have not worked.

Your doctor may recommend powerful procedures to treat severe acne and prevent scarring. These procedures work by removing damaged skin and reducing oil production. Generally, the following treatment methods can be included in this procedure:

Photodynamic therapy uses medication and a special light or laser to destroy oil production and bacteria. Other lasers can be used alone to improve acne or scarring.

Dermabrasion cleans the upper layers of your skin with a rotating brush and will be the best method to treat acne scars, unlike the drugs used in acne treatment. Microdermabrasion is a milder treatment that helps remove dead skin cells.

A chemical peel removes the upper layers of your skin. This skin is a method that can be used to reveal less damaged skin underneath. Chemical peels can improve mild acne scars.

If your acne consists of large cysts, your doctor may recommend cortisone injections. Cortisone is a steroid naturally produced by your body. It can reduce inflammation and speedy recovery. Cortisone is often used in combination with other acne treatments.

What Is The Outlook For Someone With Acne?

Acne treatments are largely successful. With the treatments used, most people can expect their acne to start clearing within six to eight weeks.

However, some flare-ups are common and may require additional or prolonged treatment in this situation. Isotretinoin is the treatment most likely to produce permanent or long-lasting positive results.

Acne scars can cause emotional distress. However, prompt treatment can help prevent scarring. Also, your dermatologist will have treatment options designed for scar treatment.

How to Prevent Acne After Treatment?

It is very difficult to prevent acne. However, you can take these steps to prevent acne after treatment. These steps include:

  • Washing your face twice a day with an oil-free cleanser
  • Regular use of acne cream prescribed by your doctor to remove excess oil
  • Avoiding oil-containing makeup
  • Removing makeup and cleansing your skin thoroughly before going to bed
  • Shower after exercise
  • Avoiding tight clothing
  • Eating a healthy diet with minimal refined sugars
  • Reduce stress

With all of this, stay in touch with your doctor to learn more about strategies for managing your acne.

When to See a Doctor

If home remedies do not slow down or end acne, consult a qualified dermatologist first.

As we mentioned above, these doctors can prescribe stronger drugs for you or you can take different dermatological treatments.

For many women, acne can commonly begin a week before menstruation and it can take years. This type of acne tends to clear up without treatment in women who use contraceptives.

In older adults, sudden onset of severe acne may indicate an underlying disease that requires medical attention.

The American food and drug administration (FDA) warns that some popular over-the-counter acne lotions, cleansers, and other skin products can cause a serious reaction.

The same dangerous situation exists in our country, although it is rare. However, as we have noted, this type of reaction is extremely rare, so do not confuse medications or products with the redness, irritation or itching you apply.

However, if a skin product you use causes the following conditions, we recommend that you seek immediate medical attention:

  • Faint
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Swelling of the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
  • Tightness of the throat

Is there any permanent acne treatment?

Permanent acne treatment, which is one of the most questions, should be evaluated through a treatment protocol that needs to be elaborated, the history of acne, the patient's lifestyle, external factors, etc. all details should be examined hormonal structure.

Treatment methods are determined according to the results of these evaluations.

There are many methods used in acne treatments,
Studies on Laser Treatment of Acne Scars and Stretch Marks are advanced today.

Buse C.
Can I find solutions to my acne at home?

Expert Opinion

Hello Ms. Buse, you can see various methods on the internet as a solution to acne (acne) at home, but you can evaluate a correct examination and subsequent applications. Get rid of your acne spread and published on the internet naturally! Get rid of acne with home products, we can see contents such as acne treatment in 1 day and our patients can ask us about them. Please consult your doctor about this.

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